Personal tax rates and offsets for 2023–2024 and beyond

With no announced changes in the Federal Budget to personal tax rates and offsets for the 2023–2024 income year and beyond, now is the time to do some tax planning for the current and future years. For the 2022–2023 and 2023–2024 income years, the rates and income thresholds that have applied since the 2021–2022 income year will continue to apply. 

The already legislated Stage 3 tax cuts will reduce the 32.5% marginal tax rate to 30%, leading to one big tax bracket between $45,000 and $200,000, along with the abolishment of the 37% tax bracket from the 2024–2025 income year. The original aim of these changes (under the previous government) was to align the middle tax bracket of the personal income tax system with corporate tax rates.

However, some individuals may find themselves paying more tax for the 2022–2023 income year due to the end of the low and middle income tax offset (LMITO). The LMITO applied to individuals with taxable income of less than $126,000. 

For the 2022–2023 income year and onwards, only the low income tax offset (LITO) will apply. The maximum amount of the offset is $700 and will apply to individuals with taxable incomes of less than $37,500. Taxpayers earning more than $66,667 are not eligible for the LITO.

It should also be noted that the Stage 3 tax cuts not only apply to Australian residents, but also to foreign residents and working holiday makers from the 2024–2025 income year. 

What’s in the Budget for small businesses

For small businesses, the government has proposed to temporarily increase the instant asset write-off threshold from 1 July 2023 to 30 June 2024. In previous years, the temporary full expensing effectively replaced the instant asset write-off regime. This allowed eligible businesses to immediately deduct the business portion of an asset’s cost with no general limit, although specific cost limits on certain assets, such as cars, applied. 

With the end of temporary full expensing, eligible small businesses with an aggregated annual turnover of less than $10 million will be able to immediately deduct the full cost of eligible assets costing less than $20,000 that are first used or installed ready for use between 1 July 2023 and 30 June 2024. The $20,000 limit will apply on a per asset basis, so small businesses can instantly write off multiple assets. 

Assets valued at $20,000 or more (which cannot be immediately deducted) can continue to be placed into the small business simplified depreciation pool and depreciated at 15% in the first income year and 30% each income year thereafter. In addition, the “lock-out” rule that prevents small businesses from re-entering the simplified depreciation regime for five years if they opt-out will continue to be suspended until 30 June 2024.

The government has also announced a lodgment penalty amnesty program for small businesses (with an aggregate turnover of less than $10 million). The amnesty will remit failure-to-lodge (FTL) penalties for outstanding tax statements lodged in the period from 1 June 2023 to 31 December 2023 that had original due dates between 1 December 2019 to 29 February 2022.